Tools that you need to perform the above mentioned task: Jack, Lug wrench, Fully inflated spare tire and vehicle owner’s manual. Also you need a flashlight , rain poncho, gloves and wedges.
Here are the steps on how to change car tyres.
SAFETY FIRST: FIND A SAFE SPOT TO CHANGE YOUR TYRES,DON’T STOP ANYWHERE ON THE ROAD.
Whenever you realize you have a flat tyre, don’t brake instantly. Drive yourself to a safe spot like a parking or straight stretches of the road.
Refer to the vehicle manual and follow the steps mentioned to change a flat tyre.
Resort to your flashlights so that you can see the tyre well as well as other drivers on the road would know that you have been there, to avoid any accident.
Always ensure you use the parking brake while changing the tyre to avoid your vehicle from rolling.
Apply the wheel wedges: To further ensure the vehicle doesn’t roll apply the wedges either in front or on the back of the tyre . If you are changing a front tyre, place the wedges on the rear tyres and if you are changing the rear tyre, place the wedges on the front tyre.
Step 5 : REMOVE THE HUBCAP OR WHEEL COVER
If your vehicle has a hubcap covering the lug nuts, it’s simpler to remove the hubcap before lifting the vehicle with the jack. If your lug nuts are exposed, you can skip ahead to Step 6.
You will have to use all the strength that you have to loosen the lug nets. Also, put in your body weight if necessary.
Place the Jack under the vehicle: The best place for the jack is below the vehicle. To lift up and place the jack safely, follow the directions given in the vehicle manual.
Step 8 : RAISE THE VEHICLE WITH THE JACK
With the jack appropriately lifted, raise the vehicle with the flat tyre six inches above the ground. until the flat tire is about six inches above the ground.
Never put any part of your body under the vehicle during or after raising the vehicle with the jack.
Now it’s time to pull out all the lug nuts all the way. You will also be able to unscrew them with your hand.
Grab the tire by treads and pull it towards you.
Now place the spare on the hub by lining up the rim with the lug bolts. Push gently until the lug bolts show through the rim.
Tighten the lug nots ,with your hand and keep tightening them more and more.
Utilising the jack, lower the vehicle to tighten the lug nuts again.
Bring the vehicle all the way to the ground and remove the jack. Give the lug nuts another pull with the wrench to ensure they’re as tight as possible.
If the hubcap you took from the flat tire will fit your spare, put it in place the same way you removed it initially. If it doesn’t fit, stow it away with the tire when you stow your equipment.
Don’t forget to put your jack, a lug wrench, wheel wedges, your flat tire, and hubcap in your vehicle , before you drive away.